In recent years, the largescale production of plastics has had devastating effects on the overall environment. Plastic, because of its chemical nature, is regarded to be a toxic element for all living species on Earth.
The reason why it is considered to have negative impacts is that the particle composition of plastics does not naturally decompose in the soil. For this reason, it is considered to be deadly, especially for animals who unconsciously try to consume different forms of plastic that are thrown out as garbage by human beings.
Related Article:- How To Go Plastic-free In The Kitchen
Statistically speaking, we can safely assume that plastic, right now, is present in every part of our society. Measuring down from massive industries to a small household, plastic is used by almost every one of us on a daily basis.
The reason why this poses a great threat is that large quantities of plastic materials are thrown out as garbage every day. The garbage is then disposed of in the ocean which ultimately ends up affecting the marine ecosystem.
Different kinds of organisms present in the oceans end up consuming plastic materials which deform their internal biological structure, causing death or unusual mutations within the creature’s body.
Consequently, fish are slowly, but surely, reducing in number largely due to the increased number of deaths caused by plastics. At the same time, they are directly becoming the cause of unprecedented diseases primarily because of being consumed by human beings as food.
According to a report, there are over 300 million tons of plastic that are produced every year, 8 million of which end up in our oceans (Marine Plastics, n.d.).
Amongst all other forms of garbage, plastic is present in the most abundant quantity. Plastic can enter the ocean as largely used products such as water bottles, wrappers, and straws, etc.,
However, over the period of time, the particles that build up these objects begin degrading over time, thereby transforming into microplastics. Unwillingly, creatures who live in the sea are forced to consume these microplastics through respiration.
The microplastics that enter in the body of any sea creature can genetically cause them to mutate, leading to death or unverified diseases.
A report that was produced in 2014 observed how small particles of plastic were present in high concentration in oceans. To be more specific, it was revealed that around four billion microscopic plastic fibres were deeply embedded per square kilometre within the ocean surface (Dunning, 17).
The reason for this was determined to be the unrestrictive amount of waste that was disposed off as garbage.
The immense presence of plastics in oceans is a sign as to how we, as humans, need to take up responsibility for our actions. Unless and until the relevant authorities begin to take action against waste disposal, the amount of plastic will keep on increasing, leading towards the extinction of marine life as well as our environment.
Dunning, H. (17, December 2014). Deep Sea Littered with Plastic debris. Retrieved from https://www.nhm.ac.uk/:
Marine Plastics. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.iucn.org/: https://www.iucn.org/resources/issues-briefs/marine-plastics
How Much Plastic Is In The Ocean? A way way way You can start now in reducing your plastic waste by reading our articles How To Go Plastic-free In The Kitchen.