Air pollution, by definition, is a type of contamination that is present in the atmosphere.
This contamination can be in the form of small solid and gaseous particles that are inherently mixed with the natural gases present in the clean and fresh air.
The microscopic substances, after integrating with air particles, disperse into the atmosphere at a high concentration, thereby giving rise to various health detriments.
Air pollution is primarily caused by greenhouse gases and toxic fumes that are released through the burning of fossil fuel resources.
Unfortunately, these resources are used extensively to power up most major industries as well as small-scale entities on an individual level.
For example, All petrol or diesel-based cars exhale toxic fumes of carbon dioxide that disperse into the atmosphere. Other sources of toxic emissions are largely caused by industrial processes such as the burning of coal, central heating systems, and ozone.
Technically, ozone is a layer of chemical that is present high up in the atmosphere, covering the earth and protecting it from harmful ultraviolet rays from the sun.
Essentially, ozone is supposed to be considered good for our environment, however, when excessive fossil fuel gases react with it, the ozone becomes heavier and moves down into the lower atmosphere, exponentially increasing the level of pollution that is present in the air.
Ideally, natural clean air consists of nitrogen, oxygen, with very small amounts of carbon dioxide, methane, hydrogen, and helium gases.
When large amounts of greenhouse gases (sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, and carbon monoxide) are emitted on a consistent basis, the concentration of carbon dioxide and methane gases exponentially increase, giving rise to pollution.
Air pollution, for decades, has been treated as being relatively less dangerous for our society. Whereas, in fact, air pollution can lead to a wide array of short-term and long-term diseases depending upon the exposure.
The short-term illnesses can include individuals experiencing pneumonia, bronchitis, headaches, dizziness, and nausea. Whereas, long-term effects of being exposed to toxic air particles can comprise of heart disease, lung cancer, and damage to other organs such as brain, liver, and kidney.
Environmentally speaking, air pollution can also cause the decay of the quality of nutrients present in the soil as well as the purity of natural streams from rivers.
Greenhouse gases like sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxide tend to react with solid and liquid objects, enabling them to damage the entities they interact with including buildings, crops, rivers, and animals.
Air pollution is dangerously becoming a global crisis that is being neglected by the relevant authorities. The severity of the situation requires us to move towards green and renewable sources of energy.
Rather than contributing towards the spread of air pollution through burning fossil fuels, it is high time we harness the natural energy of sun, wind, and water to prevent any further damage to our atmospheric conditions.
Hope you understand What’s Air Pollution now and cut down on your carbon footprint yourself. You can start by reading our 10 Simple Ways To Reduce Your Carbon Footprint.